10 Commandments PDF Print E-mail
  • Thorium fuel generates no new bomb-usable material in the waste profile; the waste consists of the radioisotope Uranium-233, or U233, which is virtually impossible to weaponize;
  • Thorium fuel can be used to safely incinerate the world’s unwanted stockpile of plutonium waste;
  • Thorium fuel cycle waste has a radiotoxicity period of less than 200 years, which compares favourably with the >1,000,000-year radiotoxicity period estimated to exist for uranium fuel cycle waste;
  • Thorium has superior fuel economy in various respects; thorium fuel will generate more energy per unit of mass than uranium fuel by a factor of approximately 30;
  • Thorium is four times more abundant in nature than uranium, and is widely distributed throughout the Earth’s crust;
  • Thorium can be mined with relatively low-cost, environmentally-unobtrusive mining methods, because it exists in high concentrations, in high-grade, surface, alluvial material;
  • Thorium fuel can be used in 90% of the world’s existing reactors with no differential infrastructure or differential costs; thorium fuel can be fabricated at existing mixed oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication facilities with no differential infrastructure or differential costs;
  • Thorium MOX can be burned in any reactor that is licensed to use MOX; as of 2010, there are 75 reactors in the world with such a license, and this number is rapidly expanding; all new reactor designs are capable of burning MOX in 100% of their cores;
  • Unlike uranium, thorium does not possess any fissile isotopes in its naturally occurring form; consequently, there is no material that can be enriched to weaponizable levels, and the conversion and enrichment phases of the fuel cycle become obviated;
  • Thorium fuel cycle waste can be reprocessed and used as fissile material in a closed fuel cycle, meaning that eventually no new fissile material will be required to power reactors; however the reprocessing technology (to separate U233) does not yet exist;